Historical context is needed to comprehend time and space.
Historical interpretation involves an analysis of cause and result.
Perspective helps to define the attributes of historical comprehension.
The history of the Commonwealth continues to influence Pennsylvanians today, and has impacted the United States and the rest of the world.
The history of the United States continues to influence its citizens, and has impacted the rest of the world.
World history continues to influence Pennsylvanians, citizens of the United States, and individuals throughout the world today.

Essential Questions
Why is time and space important to the study of history?
What role do multiple causations play in describing a historic event?
What role does analysis have in historical construction?

Historical causation involves motives, reasons, and consequences that result in events and actions. Some consequences may be impacted by forces of the irrational or the accidental.
Evaluate cause-and-result relationships bearing in mind multiple causations.

Historical skills (organizing information chronologically, explaining historical issues, locating sources and investigate materials, synthesizing and evaluating evidence, and developing arguments and interpretations based on evidence) are used by an analytical thinker to create a historical construction.
Analyze the interaction of cultural, economic, geographic, political, and social relations for a specific time and place.


What does it mean to be a United States citizen, and what is your role in the history of the world?
How can the story of another American, past or present, influence your life?
What document or artifact best summarizes the United States and why?
How does continuity and change within the United States history influence your community today?
How has social disagreement and collaboration been beneficial to American society?

Textual evidence, material artifacts, the built environment, and historic sites are central to understanding United States history. Analyze a primary source for accuracy and bias and connect it to a time and place in United States history.

Conflict and cooperation among social groups, organizations, and nation-states are critical to comprehending society in the United States. Domestic instability, ethnic and racial relations, labor relation, immigration, and wars and revolutions are examples of social disagreement and collaboration.

Summarize how conflict and compromise in United States history impact contemporary society.
Contrast how a historically important issue in the United States was resolved and compare what techniques and decisions may be applied today.